In recent years, more and more people between the ages of 18 and 30 years old complain of back pain.
Started the summer season — making in a nursery. After working for many by tightening the lower back, you feel uncomfortable in the whole body and complain to one another: “Chondrosis tortured!” So what is this disease, the correct name of which is low back pain?
Low back pain is a malocclusion articular cartilage. It can develop in any joint, but it is most often the intervertebral discs. Low back pain is the natural aging process of the intervertebral cartilage, where it develops the complex dystrophic violations. The cartilage loses its elasticity and resistance, because it starts its ossification.
In the standard the process is performed in a uniform manner, in all departments of the cartilage goes ossification, a man in growth and becomes less flexible, but the pain is not felt.
But often dystrophic processes should be asymmetrical, that is, a part of the cartilage are deposited salt, becomes inelastic, and the near part still remains elastic. In this situation, when the movement occur distortions. The first person does not feel, you offset the muscular and ligamentous corset, which surrounds the spinal column. However, if a part of the cartilage will be soft and the other more solid, strong pressure will be more, and with time, this is the most difficult part can break off, it occurring micro-fractures. And then begins the manifestation of degenerative disc disease. In the cartilage has a lot of nerve endings, so even micro-fractures cause severe pain, which frequently occurs when a sudden movement or load on the spinal column. In the people a pain of the kind called “back pain”. Often is the acute pain, although it can occur in any other department of the vertebral column. In the lower part of the back more, because it is their loins to take upon himself the whole weight of the human body. Until the cracks are small, the pain occurs only in one place on a damaged disk, it is not given.
The cracks occur in the fibrous tissue, these “annual rings”, and begins the squeezed elastic fabric. Is a ring, another, finally, reaches the outer ring, where the denser fibrous tissue. Behold, if this is in the outer ring begins to stiffen, a person begins to experience the pain, and not only at a point on the spine, but also in a remote part side. Because the outer ring protrudes and begins to put pressure on the nerve. In medicine it is the diverticulum is called the protrusion of the intervertebral disc. Where will the pain depends on which nerve root juice, in which department of the vertebral column. Since the spine is overlooked by the nerves that control the functioning of all the internal organs, the typhus can be one of them — and the stomach, the liver, the heart and the head, and others. That's why low back pain called “the great malingerer”.
Everything that we have said, concerned only the cartilage between two vertebrae, but the body is a holistic system, and if a cartilage stops working because of a disease, its function assume the adjacent cartilage. Because they begin to work with greater load, so they wear out more quickly, and all processes are deployed on them. In addition, together with the cartilage tissues begin to age quickly and the ligaments and muscles of the spine — are sklerosiruta, and stop to continue to perform its functions, which complicates even more the disease and begins to acquire a systemic nature. Physicians call this “common osteochondrosis”.
If the disease continues to progress — increase the cracks in the fibrous in the outer ring, is ultra durable, transparent purposee the kernel go over, it develops the so-called herniated disk. But we will discuss this in detail next time, and now back to the osteochondrosis.
The causes of the changes in the intervertebral discs, up to the end have not been studied. People begin to feel the manifestations of degenerative disc disease most often after the age of 35. The development and growth of this disease contribute to various injury to your back, static and dynamic overload, and also the vibration. The older man, the more its manifestations. But in recent years more and more people between the ages of 18 and 30 years old complain of back pain.
Promotes the clinical manifestation of degenerative disc disease at a young age before all hereditary predisposition. For example, is an inherited disease, such as ankylosing Spondylitis — chronic inflammation of the intervertebral disc. Man is born with a bone disease of the vertebrae, for example vertebrae without the need to worked clean. Or with childhood have been observed in disorders of the posture and the curvature of the spine, flat feet, obesity. Cause the early development of degenerative disc disease may also:
- moderate physical fitness, sedentary lifestyle;
- prolonged exposure to awkward positions: standing, sitting, lying down; when lifting and moving weights, when you run the job with frequent changes of position of the trunk, torsion, and flexion and extension, rynkovyi movements, all this greatly increases the pressure on the disks and the load on the vertebral column as a whole;
- the excessive exercise, developed in a way that is not uniform in the system muscle-skeletal and muscular system;
- overload of the spine, connected with diseases of the foot, and also because of wearing shoes uncomfortable, high heels and pregnancy in women;
- nervous stress, stressful situations;
- microtrauma — several shots of the spine in the case of falls; especially in the case of a fall from a standing height; head shots of the water during scuba diving; fast, the bends of the trunk. Usually, a person may not remember these minor injuries, and the spinal column is remembered, because in it occur microcracks.
In particular, I have to say that professional sports, with its large physical effort. Trying to reach important results, athletes endure hypernephroma on the spinal column, and because it is a very strong-willed people, the pain in the back are trying not to pay attention to, damage to the load through the pain and the spine, “go to hell”. A lot of problems in the spine can bring, and half-abrupt interruption of vocational training. To put it mildly, a serious professional sport, not for health. For the health needs of physical education.
Sick, suffering from osteochondrosis, complain to:
- persistent aching, back pain, feeling of numbness and pain of limbs
- increase in pain with sudden movements, exercise, heavy lifting, coughing and sneezing
- reduction of the volume of movements, muscle spasms
- osteochondrosis of the cervical spine: pain in the hands, arms, shoulders, head-ache; perhaps the development of the so-called vertebral artery syndrome, which is made up of the following complaints: the noise in my head, dizziness, trembling flies, coloured spots in front of eyes in combination with a stabbing headache button;
- osteochondrosis of the vertebral column: the pain in the chest (such as a stake in the chest, in the area of the heart and other internal organs;
- osteochondrosis lumbosacral spine: the lower back pain, radiating pain in the pelvis, lower limbs, sometimes in the pelvic organs.
In the absence of treatment occurs loss of weight and atrophy of the limbs.
The human spine consists of vertebrae are cartilage act as a shock absorber for any movement of the spine, as the strip for the parts of the car. If not, then the vertebrae has cleared the one on the other. In addition, the cartilage, strengthen the spine, as you paste the vertebrae between them. The cartilage is composed of two types of fabric: elastic fabric woven with the fiber. So he created nature: for elastic tissue, or purposee nucleus, it is not passed, around her, like the rings, is the fibrous tissue. The nutrition of the cartilage occurs widely, slowly, which complicates the recovery of the intervertebral disc after a minor trauma and loads.
Install the software of pre-diagnosis is made during the first examination of the patient. Inspection usually has a medical neurologist because of complaints of the patient. The backbone search in the condition of a patient, standing, sitting, and lying down — as in rest and in movement. Palpation of the spinal column allows you to integrate inspection data: determining the presence or the absence of deformation, to clarify the localization, extension and pain. By palpation also emphasize the tension of the muscles located near the spine, as the majority of injuries and diseases of the vertebral column is accompanied by an increase in muscle tone. The bending of the spine is used in order to determine the amplitude of the movements in the various departments of the vertebral column.
A fundamental role in the study of the vertebral column to assign the x-ray, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, with which is determined the level of defeat, is exact and takes the form the diagnosis, are found hidden malocclusion. The diagnostic data allows the physician to determine the tactics of treatment and to choose the most effective treatments.
Who does not heal the back pain. Worst of all, that in the majority of cases, this dealing with doctors. Even if the patient should work with a neurologist. It is he who establishes the mode of treatment of this patient. The treatment of degenerative disc disease and its complications pass through conservative techniques aimed at the elimination of pain, impaired spinal roots, and notice of the progress in degenerative changes in the spine.
The duration of the treatment of degenerative disc disease and its complications mainly depends on the severity of the disease, the changes of age, applied methods of treatment. As practice shows, the active phase of treatment in the majority of cases lasts from one to three months. At the beginning of treatment in some patients can increase the pain associated with the response of the muscular system on the unusual for the body exposure. The sensation of pain to cease in a short time. The result of the treatment largely depends on the behavior of the patients themselves, which is unnecessary for the patience, the perseverance, perseverance, a certain strength of will, the exact fulfilment of all the recommendations, but also the desire to heal.
Complete conservative treatment includes curative physical education, physical therapy, massage, reiki, unloading (traction) of the spinal column, reflexology, kinesiological taping, and drug therapy.
A couple of simple exercises in the workplace can help prevent the emergence and development of degenerative disc disease of the spine.
Therapeutic exercise (THERAPY) — the main method of conservative treatment is to create the measured loads. This you get regular activities on the equipment for rehabilitation and exercise of the articular. In consequence, the physical exercise improves blood circulation, normalize the metabolism and the nutrition of the intervertebral disc increases the intervertebral space, formed muscle and reduces the load on the spine. A series of exercises assigns a medical THERAPY.
Physiotherapy — a method of treatment that uses physical factors: currents, low frequency, magnetic fields, ultrasound, laser and others. Applies to relieve pain, inflammatory processes, for rehabilitation. When you use the methods of physiotherapy are to reduce the time of treatment of the disease, increases the efficacy of drugs and reduce their dosage, side effects, typical treatment. Appointment procedures the physician-physiotherapist.
Massage — an effective method of reduction of muscle tension, muscle pain, improve circulation. That type of massage, its duration and the volume is necessary a specific patient, decide of physician neurologist.
Chiropractic — complex custom attention on the muscle system-the muscular system to relieve acute and chronic pain in the spinal column and joints, but also increase the volume of movements and the correction of the posture. Ill will doctor-manualist.
Traction (traction) of the spinal column — the method of treatment using individually load. There underwater exhaust and the exhaust with the use of special equipment. The procedure aims to an increase of the space in the intervertebral relieve the pain and restore the anatomically correct shape of the spine.
Acupuncture (reflexology) — different treatment techniques and methods of exposure according to the area of the human body and acupuncture points. The application of an acupuncture treatment in combination with other medicinal methods greatly increases their effectiveness. Most often reflexology apply with osteochondrosis, accompanied by the pain syndrome, to relax muscles and relieve tension with the cartilage.
Kinesiological taping is a method of treatment, which involves the superimposition of a special elastic plaster — kinesio specialized in injured areas of the body.
Kinesio tape can stick on an injured or sick area of the body and left there for some time. It is usually a period of from three to five days, in some cases, using the patch reinforced with adhesive, that can stay a whole week. In the process of fusion of kinesio clan damaged the muscle or joint that is used a different belt tension, thanks to what he takes upon himself part of the work load provided the damaged muscle or joint. Therefore, kinesiological taping, increasing interstitial space and allows to improve the functional properties of the muscles, accelerates the excretion of the metabolites of the tissues, reduces pain, promotes the localization of the inflammatory process and, subsequently, its complete elimination. Thanks to the improvement of the circulation in the paravertebral muscles increases and widespread the nutrition of cartilage, which contributes to their early recovery. Properly applied, the patch has a therapeutic effect on a patient already after 20 minutes of overlap. Also, do not exclude the possibility of combination with other types of treatment, for example with exercise or physiotherapy.
Medical therapy is indicated in cases of exacerbation of the disease aims at pain relief, the removal of a inflammatory process and the strengthening of the metabolic processes from the intake or the administration of drugs with the help of the intramuscular or intravenous injection.
During an acute attack of pain the first thing to do is to limit the movement of the person to translate in a quiet, relaxed position, take a painkiller. Only we must remember that the people who suffer from diseases of the stomach, take the medicine must be very gently, protecting the stomach enveloping means. And again, remember that a defect in the cartilage heals three weeks, and the pain goes away after a week, but two weeks still delicate to the spinal column mode — no sharp bends and climbs of gravity. Best to wear corset in that department of the vertebral column, which must remain in peace, are now sold freely.
Although each of these methods is highly efficient, yet persistent therapeutic effect can only be achieved with a combination of their activity on the equipment for rehabilitation, that is, when you create a corset of muscle.
In the theme
Osteochondrosis of the vertebral column appears is not the case, and not one time, develops gradually over an extended period of time. Each person can prevent this disease with the help of preventive measures — a lot of the time they do not occupy, but the effect and benefit in the long term.
The scourge of our time — many hours of sitting working at the computer. No rest spine. It would be good to run simple tips:
- Sit in one place in a location that is not! Every half hour get up, walk, crush, stretch.
- Sitting at work in an office chair, or a chair, select this position to turn more against the backrest of the furniture. During the session try to check your posture, maintain your back situated in a wonderful location. Foot with the right seat must rest on the floor, so as to reduce the load on the spine.
- Sedentary work, best furniture for the prevention of disease, modern office chairs, and chairs, with adjustable height and backrest angle. These mobile records the spine in the right position, repeating her curves, and then takes part of the load of work on oneself, accordingly the tension of the muscles of the back is weakened. The legs should stand or the ground, or on a special support, it is desirable, for the knees when sitting were a little above the hip joints.
Exercises in the workplace for the prevention of degenerative disc disease
A couple of simple exercises in the workplace can help prevent the emergence and development of degenerative disc disease of the spine.
Exercises with osteochondrosis of the cervical:
The hands, bend the elbows, fingers put on the shoulders. In a slow pace to produce circular movements of rotation forward and backward.
Starting position — hands behind head, fingers interlaced behind the castle. Move the elbows back, take a deep breath, pushing the elbows forward — exhalation.
Deep free breath nose — to- output mouth. Repeat a couple of times.
Exercise during lactation osteochondrosis:
Make yourself comfortable over on the backrest of the office chair, and much to be pulled, with this plant as far as possible the hands behind the back.
Raise the hands and stretch the hand, making a slow deep breath, and holding hands — to make exhalation.
A couple of times to raise and lower your shoulders.
Strongly reduce the shoulder, to delay a couple of seconds and then relax completely.
Exercises are nothing complicated, but their play is possible in any free time.
Exercises with lumbar osteochondrosis:
Exercises for the prevention of degenerative disc disease of the lumbar are done every day, in this case, it is sufficient to only 10-15 minutes. The positive effect on the condition of proper performance of each exercise will not make you wait — about the disease can be forgotten for a long time.
- Become back to the desktop, hands on the table, turn the body to the left, then to the right.
- Location: in the walk, do the slopes in different directions. Exercise on the slopes is performed step-by-step multiple times.
- Raise the hands and shake it, to lower your hands and sit with your palms open for a few seconds.
- Sitting in an office chair or on a chair, the best for relax your back and breathe deeply.
At the beginning of treatment in some patients can increase the pain associated with the response of the muscular system on the unusual for the body exposure. The sensation of pain to cease in a short time.
Doing exercise, the man must experience a state of comfortable. The main thing — to and during the lessons, and after hearing the state of comfort, but in any case not out of pain.
And now tips every day:
Avoid weights. If this can't do, then don't bend the spine, it is better to sit back on your heels and lift. The gravity to evenly distribute, better to take two-three pounds in both hands, four to six in a single.
Always take a comfortable position, empty if you have an apartment, talking on the phone or reading a book. The sensation of pain — the dog from the guard of your health.
A lot depends on how the man is resting or sleeping. If after the sleep will appear pain or feeling of discomfort, change the position of the bed, make it softer or harder, raise or lower the headboard of the bed. Make sure that when you wake up there was no unpleasant sensations. Harmful to sleep on the feather, and too rigid bed. Best in semi-hard: over plywood, put a couple of mattresses, of cotton. The head should be on a small pillow, and shoulder to stay on the couch.
The kinesio taping was developed almost half a century ago, the japanese doctor, dr. Kenzo Cass. The method involves the muscles and ligaments constant support, to accelerate their self-healing without the use of drugs — tablets, ointments. The original method of kinesiological taping has been used by professional athletes in the alternative several painkillers for injuries of the muscles, joints and ligaments. Nowadays kinesiological taping apply, neurologists, orthopedists, and the best, and orthopaedic traumatologists in the treatment of various diseases, including degenerative disc disease. The main advantage of this method is that the procedure of overlap of kinesio clan is quite simple, and for itself, and the tape does not restrict the movement of the patient.