The first things you need to do for a back injury

Among all diseases of the human body, back disease is the most common in its course first, and the most painful (especially in the neglected form).Both the first and second methods encourage us to understand exactly what causes back pain and what can be done to eliminate or at least reduce the pain syndrome.

In the following article, we will analyze these issues in as much detail as possible and describe the standard methods of pain relief from the beginning, regardless of the cause. Next, we will combine symptomatic treatments for each specific case, focusing on specific diseases. In addition, attention will be paid to the facts of back pain and people at risk.

What to do with a back injury

Modern medicine has deeply developed many treatment methods. In most cases, its use has exceeded the scope of only treating one disease. These methods include:

  • Medicine;
  • Fixed treatment equipment (belt, collar, etc. );
  • Reflexology;
  • Physical therapy;
  • Exercise therapy;
  • Surgical intervention.
treatment method

Generally, in order to eliminate pain and effectively treat its causes, it is necessary to apply the above methods in a complex manner. The actual ratio of some methods to others depends on the specific pathology.

Scoliosis

Reference: This disease is characterized by displacement of the vertebrae to the side and beyond the normal boundaries of the spine. To compensate for this destructive bending, excessive stretching of the muscles adjacent to the displacement site occurs.

The latter causes acute pain syndrome, which can be relieved by the following methods:

  1. Pain medicine.There are many proven over-the-counter products in the pharmaceutical market that can effectively treat pain. Sprays, capsules, ointments, tablets-regardless of their release form-all work according to standard principles (if we are talking about non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). This drug blocks certain chemicals called prostaglandins, which cause pain. These drugs include:
    1. ibuprofen;
    2. Naproxen;
    3. Acetylsalicylic acid;
    4. Paracetamol;
    As mentioned above, each of them can be purchased absolutely for free-in any pharmacy, in any geographic region of Russia. Nonetheless, it is important to understand that the use of any drug will cause the risk of exceeding the recommended dose or not taking into account personal intolerance.
  2. Rescue the suffering
  3. The second way to relieve scoliosis pain is an effective therapy to reduce muscle spasm-warm compress.Its mechanism of action is to relax muscles, increase their mobility and expand adjacent blood vessels.

    Help: usually put the heating pad wrapped in a towel on the painful area for 20-30 minutes, no more than 2-3 times a day.

  4. In addition to heat, the opposite cold force can also be used to relieve pain.Ice, cold heating pads, etc. can also effectively relieve inflammation and swelling. Apply cold compresses for no more than 20 minutes per tap.

Pinch the nerve

The spine is the intersection, or a line, of a large number of nerve pathways from the spinal cord to the human limbs.Destructive pathological or physical damage usually leads to nerve pin, leading to severe pain episodes. In this case, since surgical intervention may be required, it is necessary to consult a doctor urgently.

To endure the first symptoms of nervousness, you can do the following:

  1. Take painkillers similar to the previous pharmacological list above.
  2. Minimize movement;
  3. Strictly observe bed rest.

After relieving the acute pain syndrome, other treatment and prevention methods can be used-physical therapy exercises, massage, traditional medicine, etc.

Pinched nerve

Osteochondrosis

Reference: This disease is caused by the breakdown of polysaccharides and proteins in the human body, which are responsible for the strength of connective tissue. As it decreases, disc deformation develops.

Osteochondrosis is usually accompanied by permanent or paroxysmal pain, which is rarely acute.

The occurrence of pain syndrome is related to the location of the disease (lower back, thoracic and cervical spine).According to the type of pain, there are effective ways to relieve pain:

  1. For neck pain, exercise therapy, massage and medication are usually used.
  2. For pain in the waist area-a set of statistical and dynamic exercises, administering drugs through infectious routes;
  3. For eye pain, you can also use medicine, massage and physical therapy.
  4. For pain in the heart and chest area-therapeutic blockers, anti-inflammatory and analgesics, bed rest;

Important note: For each type of osteochondrosis, the same physical therapy exercises are different, which means that you must consult an expert before performing certain exercises. The same applies to medicine, massage, physical therapy and any other treatment and prevention methods.

Intervertebral disc herniation

When this disease appears, the main accompanying symptom is acute pain syndrome. For the patient, it is usually essential to eliminate pain.The malnutrition process that occurs in the body can cause a strong displacement of the intervertebral disc and the formation of an intervertebral hernia, which is then accompanied by unbearable pain.Herniated discIn some cases, the latter itself can lead to the most unpleasant consequences, including painful shock.

The effective treatment of intervertebral disc herniation is as follows:

  1. Use of drugs;
  2. Physical therapy;
  3. Exercise therapy;

Therefore, medical methods include taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, medications to relieve muscle tension (muscle relaxants), chondroprotectants and corticosteroid analgesics.

The form of release can be very different-from intravenous injection to ointments and patches.

Physical therapy is usually limited to the following procedures:

  1. Electrophoresis;
  2. Shockwave therapy;
  3. electrocution;
  4. Ultrasound;
  5. Bee Venom;
  6. Sham therapy.

Exercise therapy in turn includes regular exercise performed by the attending doctor according to the specific conditions of each patient. These activities can be activities carried out in the swimming pool, cycling, walking, etc.

Intervertebral disc herniation

Note: This disease is usually considered the initial form of the previous disease. Therefore, when the content of the protrusion protrudes beyond the spine at a distance of 5 mm, the protrusion is called the pathology of the intervertebral disc.

In this case, the pain syndrome is not as strong as a hernia. However, when it becomes necessary to delete it, it reaches the threshold.

A method similar to the previous list is used to successfully resolve the pain of a herniated disc.

Sciatica

The word

means pathological inflammation and compression of the sciatic nerve. This neuralgia can cause acute pain syndrome and can be relieved by the following methods:

SciaticaUse narcotic analgesics: morphine hydrochloride, flupirtine maleate, tramadol hydrochloride, etc. ;
  • Ointment (Diclofenac, Nimesulide, Diclofenac Sodium, Ketoprofen);
  • Physical therapy (electrophoresis, shock wave therapy, electrocution, etc. );
  • Physiotherapy practice;
  • breathing exercises;
  • Cold compress.
  • For sciatica, pain syndrome is most common in the waist and lower extremities, which is the main factor in choosing a specific method.

    Arthritis

    This is an inflammatory disease that can cause joint pain, swelling and stiffness. To eliminate arthritis pain, you can use the following methods:

    Exercise therapy (stretching, kneading, cycling, walking);
  • Hot paraffin bath;
  • Warm shower or bathtub;
  • Use crutches when walking;
  • lose weight;
  • Physical therapy methods;
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • In this case, the joint leaves the joint capsule, causing inflammation.Through timely treatment (at least five treatment and prevention procedures) in a relatively short period of time, pain syndrome can be eliminated and the pathology can be prevented from turning into a chronic form.

    Spine cancer

    Sooner or later, the tumor disease will begin to accompany the onset of pain, which can be single or permanent.

    The fight against cancer pain is usually divided into three stages.

    1. Mild pain-non-opioid analgesics (meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, etc. )
    2. When amplified, it was a light opioid (tramadol hydrochloride).
    3. Severe pain-adjuvant therapy and narcotic analgesia (morphine hydrochloride trihydrate).
    Spine cancer

    Important note: The use of the above groups is related to a certain stage of disease development and therefore depends on the effectiveness of the main treatment.

    Osteoporosis

    Osteoporosis is a chronic type of systemic disease of human bone tissue, whose micro-architecture, density and metabolic processes are disturbed.

    Generally, in osteoporosis, the pain syndrome only occurs when there is a heavy load on the supporting motor system (weightlifting, uncomfortable posture, or lying down for a long time, etc. ). The pain is usually located in the lower back, ankle and hip joints.

    Pain relievers include:

    1. Diclofenac (in ointment form and injection form);
    2. Ketoprofen;
    3. Lornoxicam;

    Exercise therapy, physical therapy (shock wave therapy, electric shock, etc. ) and wearing corrective equipment (corset) are also used

    Diseases with internal organs radiating to the back

    This type of pain can occur for many reasons, from coughing to ending with a sexually transmitted disease. The most common is that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been mentioned more than once to relieve this type of pain.

    So far, we have listed the treatments for pain relief, which are symptoms of specific back disorders. Unfortunately, illness is not the only cause of pain. The latter is most likely due to back sprains, muscle strains, muscle injuries, unsuitable mattresses, weightlifting, etc. Let us examine each situation separately.

    Back fat

    Help: called lipoma, a benign tumor that appears due to the proliferation of fatty tissue cells. Lipomas can appear anywhere in the body, including the back.

    Generally, the tumor is completely painless and has no side effects. However, sometimes it becomes inflamed and accompanied by acute pain syndrome, which can be eliminated by getting rid of wen itself:

    1. Medications (used when the lipoma does not exceed one centimeter). Special drugs are injected with fine needles that absorb fat tissue.
    2. Surgical treatment (complete removal of the tumor).

    for weightlifting

    Back pain

    What often happens is that after a lot of physical work on the musculoskeletal system (especially the spine), a person begins to feel pain. The latter has different strength and location, depending on the location and type of lesion.

    In this case, you need to see a doctor to find out the exact cause of the pain. To reduce the latter, ointments, tablets and patches containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (such as meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac) are very suitable.

    Waist

    Another principle for dividing pain syndromes can be the positioning of their appearance, one of which may be the lower back. In this case, the relief of pain depends on the specific cause of its occurrence.

    Muscle stretching

    Severe back pain during active physical activity may also be a symptom of stretching the back muscles or stretching the lower back. In this case, the following conditions are suitable for combating pain syndrome:

    1. Massage;
    2. Take a complete rest;
    3. Exercise therapy;
    4. Medicines.

    To prevent repeated stretching, it is recommended to use a special support corset, bandage and waist belt.

    Ligament injury

    This reason is very similar to the previous one. The only difference is that the pain experienced is more intense. Therefore, the method for removing ligaments in the back if they are damaged is similar to the previous list.

    Quick pain relief

    In order to quickly relieve acute pain, injections (ibuprofen, diclofenac, etc. ), compression and bed rest drugs should be preferred.

    Pain from not installing the mattress correctly.

    Quick pain relief

    Important note: In most cases, experts recommend not to sleep on a surface that is too soft or too hard. These mattresses cannot maintain the correct spine position during the entire sleep process and may hurt your back.

    If back pain occurs, the logical first step is to consult a neurologist. The second is to pay close attention to the mattress.

    The standard features to be considered when evaluating the quality of a mattress are as follows:

    1. Structure type (spring loaded, no spring);
    2. Material;
    3. strength;
    4. size.

    Choosing a mattress is not only worthwhile, it depends not only on its convenience, but also on the advice of a personal doctor who is familiar with your back characteristics.

    Therefore, the possible causes of back pain are not limited to one or two diseases, but also have a wider range of conditions.

    However, when it comes to back pain, it is possible to distinguish certain risk groups from the same specific factors.

    Risk Group:

    Age (the average age of men is 55 years old, the average age of women is 60 years old);
  • The gender of the patient (according to statistics, men suffer more from back pain).
  • Risk factors:

    1. Constantly lifting weights;
    2. Power program;
    3. The back and/or its inclination is constantly reversed;
    4. Fatigue;
    5. The load is too large;
    6. A culture lacking manual labor;
    7. Ignore health;
    8. Introduce a destructive lifestyle.

    Conclusion

    In the above article, we tried to introduce the phenomenon of back pain as widely as possible, the reasons for this phenomenon, and the ways to effectively solve it. I hope you think this information is helpful to you. In any case, the most important thing is to stay focused on your own health and the health of your loved ones.