Headaches, numb fingers, and heart tingling are sometimes cause for concern, rather than being located on the neck. Osteochondrosis in this area can affect the head and shoulders and organs in these areas.
This is a dystrophic disease of the connective tissue intervertebral disc, which can be used as a shock absorber in the spine. According to the degree and extent of the lesion, corresponding symptoms will appear.
The cervical area is the easiest and most vulnerable part of the spine. Exposure to adverse factors can lead to cartilage dystrophy, thinning of intervertebral discs, hernia formation or overgrowth of bone tissue. The nerve roots are compressed and the blood flow in the paravertebral vessels is disturbed.
There are many factors that cause osteochondrosis:Sedentary lifestyle, lack of training for muscle and ligament equipment;
The following reasons directly affect the development of disease symptoms:Disc displacement rarely occurs, but this condition leads to the development of paralysis.
The symptoms of this disease
Cervical osteochondrosis is characterized by the classification of symptoms into syndromes, which determine the patient's clinical manifestations and main complaints.
The physical signs are related to the condition of the bone or cartilage tissue of the vertebrae. To accurately diagnose the syndrome, all its symptoms must be present:
- Changes in cervical spine mobility;
- Exercise pain;
- Violated the morphological structure of the intervertebral disc and vertebral body.
If there is no one of these signs, another disease with similar symptoms can be suspected. In myositis-muscle injury, decreased mobility was observed without changes in morphology. Pain is common in many other diseases.
Vertebral artery syndrome
The symptoms compensated are as follows:
Injury to the vertebral artery causes the blood supply to the corresponding part of the brain to decrease. However, similar syndromes can be observed in other pathological conditions-atherosclerotic vascular disease, compression caused by tumor growth, and tissue inflammation.
The appearance of angina pectoris, pain in the heart area does not always indicate the pathology of the organ. These may be signs of cervical osteochondrosis, including:
- Chest pain;
- Shortness of breath;
- Fast fatigue and weakness.
In this case, they work through an exclusion method-using ECG to diagnose heart disease, and the characteristic changes in angina pectoris were not detected. Angiography did not show atherosclerotic stenosis.
Root Tip Syndrome
These symptoms are unilateral and are related to the damage of the corresponding pair of spinal nerve roots. They are characterized by pain, paralysis or paresis, and the sensitivity of the corresponding side is impaired.
The first and second roots are characterized by pain or numbness in the occipital region. The third pair showed numbness of the limbs and full tongue, difficulty swallowing and chewing, and impaired sensitivity behind the auricle.
Compressing 4 pairs will cause icing when swallowing, clavicle pain and sore throat. The fifth pair represents shoulder movement limitation, and the sixth pair represents shoulder blade and forearm pain and numbness.
The seventh cause causes numbness in the hands, more commonly the index finger and middle finger, and the eighth cause numbness and decreased sensitivity of the ring and little fingers.
The pathological process is rarely limited to a pair of nerve roots and is often affected at once, which confuses the clinical situation and makes diagnosis difficult.
Lack of treatment or wrong choice of methods can lead to complications, including disc herniation, disc rupture, and rapid displacement of the vertebrae, which may lead to disability or death.
A diagnosis may be required after an X-ray examination on the front and side projections. These images clearly show the reduction in the height of the intervertebral disc, the narrowing of the foramina and pathological bone growth.
If the patient adheres to the prescription plan and does not have a complicated course, symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis may appear at the time of diagnosis and treatment at home.
Modern medicine provides several treatment directions:
Taking certain medications is designed to eliminate disease symptoms, improve cartilage nutrition and antioxidant protection.
After a proper diagnosis, the doctor will determine how to treat cervical osteochondrosis, medications, you cannot prescribe medications yourself.
The following types of drugs were used:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They eliminate pain and inflammation, and reduce the proliferation process. This group of drugs can be prescribed in tablets, but can be injected intramuscularly in the acute phase. It is not recommended to use them for a long time. Taking them at the maximum dose for more than a week can cause non-steroidal gastric ulcers and cause toxic liver damage.
- The cartilage protector has been used since the diagnosis. In order to show its effect, the reception time must be very long.
- To a greater extent, this applies to tablets and capsules for oral administration. Injection medications are prescribed during the course, and their effect is faster. They contain glucosamine, which affects the metabolism of cartilage tissue, and chondroitin, which slows the destruction of intervertebral discs. There are also natural chondroprotectants-these are dishes with gelatin-jelly, jelly and fish.
- Vasodilators can eliminate vasospasm, improve muscle blood flow, and help reduce inflammation.
- Use diuretics when symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis worsen. Treatment is performed in a short period of time to reduce inflammatory edema and nerve compression.
- Vitamin preparations are designed to protect cartilage tissue, damaged nerves and brain cells against oxidation. This requires A, E, C vitamins. Group B is needed to improve the condition of peripheral nerves. Vitamin B6 and B12 are taken alternately every other day. Too much vitamin B intake is effective in the short term.
- If cervical osteochondrosis worsens, the treatment ointment will help eliminate the pain syndrome, have a warming effect and improve blood flow. Use a special massager to apply a small amount to the affected area.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ointment has a slight local analgesic effect. Unlike tablets, they can be used for longer periods of time.
This method is used as an adjunct to the main treatment method. Physiotherapy selectively acts on the affected area to reduce pain, swelling and inflammation, and improve microcirculation and local immunity.
The following methods apply:
- Electric therapy can produce local warming effects, thereby improving blood circulation and reducing swelling. However, this method is contraindicated for those with pacemakers and metal implants.
- The induction magnetic field acts on the pathological site for about 20 minutes, which can relieve pain and inflammation.
- Laser therapy activates the bioelectric process in nerve tissue and improves its regeneration. This process takes place at the inflamed roots of the spinal cord, each area does not exceed 2 minutes.
- Balneotherapy- use therapeutic mud, mineral water, ozone stone. It is carried out during the worsening and remission period to prevent and consolidate the therapeutic effect.
This method cannot be used in the acute phase of the disease, and exercises to overcome pain should not be performed. They all produce smoothly without twitching. You cannot shake your head back and make circular motions. If you have a herniated disc, you need to consult a neurologist or neurosurgeon.
A set of exercises for cervical osteochondrosis:
- Warm up. Within 2-3 minutes, walk on your feet, toes, and heels (see a doctor for heel spurs).
- Stand up straight, gradually tighten your fists, arms, and shoulders, hold for half a minute, relax and shake your hands.
- Carefully tilt your head to the left and right shoulders, hovering in each position for 10 seconds.
- In a sitting or standing position, lift your shoulders straight up, then lower them slightly back, as if straightened.
- Standing or sitting, slowly lower your head and touch your chin to your chest. Slowly occupy the starting position.
- Stretch out your arms to the sides, clenching your fists. Use the brush to rotate 4 times in each direction.
- Stand up with arms apart. Alternately rotate back and forth in the elbow.
- The circular motion of the shoulder joint is performed in the same way.
- Relaxation-Raise your arms and let them down freely, and relax as much as possible.
An experienced massage therapist will tell you how to treat cervical osteochondrosis through massage and self-massage at home.
The basic principle is as follows:
- All operations are performed by fingertips;
- You need to move from the spine to the periphery.
- No force should be applied, only light massage.
- All actions are performed smoothly, without having to rush into action.
Usually use rubbing, rubbing, and stroking the neck.
It is used for hernia to narrow the spinal canal, accompanied by compression of spinal blood vessels and nerves.
Indications also include cervical instability. The presence of a hernia does not mean surgery.
In this case, they start from the effectiveness of the medication, the patient's condition, and the severity of the symptoms of osteochondrosis. The hernia can be removed with a scalpel or more modern methods (using laser).
But usually, after surgical treatment, the symptoms of the disease disappear for a while and then recover.
In order not to doubt how to cure cervical osteochondrosis at home, you need to prevent this disease. The first is posture correction. Relaxation creates extra pressure on the cervical spine, which can cause inflammation
When the workload of the department is heavy, you should also avoid bending your head for a long time and bowing your head.
If you have to work in uncomfortable positions for a long time, you should perform neck exercises regularly. You should also choose the right pillow to sleep.