Arthritis and arthritis-what is the difference between these joint diseases?

People who are new to joint diseases often ask: What is the difference between arthritis and arthritis. These pathologies have similar names and symptoms, so they are often confused. When self-medication is performed, this confusion may have a negative impact, because drugs that help arthritis may cause harm to arthritis.

Both diseases are serious and cause disability. Therefore, joint diseases should be treated by a specialist.

What is the nature of these diseases?

The difference between arthritis and arthritis is obvious from their names. The suffix "it" of the disease name indicates the inflammatory nature of the disease, and "oz" indicates the presence of pathological changes in the tissue.

Therefore, arthritis is inflammation of joint tissues that can be caused by various reasons. Arthritis is a degenerative change of articular cartilage, which develops after injury or due to age factors. Let us take a closer look at what is arthritis and arthritis.

Arthritis-What is it?

Causes of joint arthritis

The joint surface of the bone is covered by smooth cartilage tissue, and is constantly lubricated with synovial fluid to facilitate sliding. Arthritis is characterized by a pathological process that causes the cartilage surface to lose smoothness, ulcers and thins.

Therefore, when rubbing the matched cartilage surface, they will scrape each other, which will intensify the degradation process until the cartilage is completely destroyed. Growths appear along the edges of bones-osteophytes, which hinder joint movement.

Through timely detection of arthritis, modern treatment and prevention methods can be used to slow down the process of cartilage destruction for decades. However, generally speaking, arthritis ultimately leads to the complete destruction of cartilage and fixation of the affected joint.

The only way to restore the lost function is to replace the joint with an artificial endoprosthesis.

Arthritis-What is it?

Arthritis is inflammation of the joints. As we all know, the inflammatory process is just a struggle between immune blood cells (white blood cells) and foreign bodies in the body. In most cases, immune cells absorb infections that have entered the body.

In this struggling position, inflammation is characterized by redness, increased local temperature, pain and swelling. The white blood cells that die in the process of protecting the body are only pus, which is usually formed during inflammation.

The origin of arthritis may be diverse. Sometimes it occurs when the infection enters the joint cavity. These types of arthritis respond well to antibiotic treatment and often disappear without consequences.

What is joint arthritis

Other types of this disease are less responsive to treatment and usually cause disability. Especially rheumatoid arthritis, which is an autoimmune disease, immune cells will lose their capacity and begin to fight with their own body tissues.

The elderly develop gouty arthritis due to metabolic disorders and salt deposition in the joints.

Psoriatic arthritis is known, and it occurs in about 10% of psoriasis patients and many other types of this dangerous disease.

Is there a relationship between these diseases?

When analyzing the difference between arthritis and arthritis, one can't help but mention that these diseases are usually interrelated. For example, in rheumatoid arthritis, joint tissue undergoes degenerative changes characteristic of arthritis. Over time, as with rheumatoid arthritis, the joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis deform and lose function.

The same can be said about gouty arthritis. The sharp crystals of salt deposited in the articular cartilage cause inflammation on the one hand, and scratch the surface of the cartilage tissue on the other hand, leading to abrasion and gradual degradation, which is a characteristic of arthritis.

As you can see, the chronic form of arthritis negatively affects the condition of articular cartilage and, over time, leads to the development of the characteristic process of arthritis-deformity and loss of joint function.

This rule can also be used in other ways. Without accompanying arthritis, the course of arthritis is rarely completed. When the surface of the articular cartilage destroyed by the degeneration process rubs against each other, microtrauma will appear on the cartilage surface, and the cartilage fragments will break. This causes inflammation, and we already know that inflammation of the joints is arthritis.

Therefore, arthritis will aggravate with periodic attacks and is often accompanied by related arthritis.

Because the two are so related to each other, it is sometimes difficult to understand: arthritis and arthritis-what is the difference. To make a decision, you need to look at the root cause of the disease and where the pathological process begins. If the degenerative changes of cartilage become the driving force of the disease, then this is arthritis, if the cause is inflammation due to infection, hormone levels, immunity or metabolic problems, then this is arthritis.

What are the causes of these pathologies?

The main difference between arthritis and arthritis

Arthritis is a change in cartilage degenerative dystrophy. The reasons are as follows:

  • Insufficient tissue nutrition;
  • Trauma.

Usually, there is a lack of nutrition due to age-related changes in the body. Therefore, arthritis often appears in people over 50-60 years of age. At this age, tissue regeneration slows down and metabolic abnormalities occur, which in many cases can cause joint problems.

Traumatic arthritis can develop at a young age. It is caused by congenital and acquired articular cartilage defects. These defects can damage the surface of mating cartilage and cause its further destruction.

The root cause of traumatic arthritis may be:

  1. Congenital articular cartilage defects;
  2. Injured;
  3. Joint surgery;
  4. Overweight and larger.

Arthritis is different from arthritis, except for gout, it is more common in young people. The reason is:

  • Genetic susceptibility to autoimmune diseases and systemic diseases;
  • infection;
  • Hormonal imbalance.

What are the similarities and differences in symptoms?

Arthritis is characterized by gradual and slow symptoms. The initial stage of the disease can last for several years without showing up. The joints may tighten, periodically produce pain, and the load is higher than usual.

The most common thing is to consult a doctor when the disease has reached stage II. Typical symptoms of arthritis:

  • Tiredness causes joint pain, which can be relieved when resting;
  • Click when moving the problem joint;
  • Stiffness in the morning, it is necessary to "develop" it when normal joint function is restored after waking up;
  • The symptoms of arthritis and arthritis are similar
  • The joints of the hands, feet, spine, knee and hip are most commonly affected by arthropathy. Less-shoulders and ankles;
  • Pain at rest, pain at night proves related arthritis-inflammation caused by continuous cartilage microtrauma;
  • In the later stages, the range of motion will be gradually increased until the joints are completely fixed, or on the contrary, "loose" and unnatural movement occurs.

Unlike arthritis, arthritis begins with obvious symptoms of the inflammatory process:

  1. Severe joint pain, not relieved even when resting, feel pulsation, twitching;
  2. Pain at night will prevent sleep;
  3. Redness, swelling of the affected area;
  4. The high temperature of the inflammation part usually raises the temperature of the whole body;
  5. Small joints are more prone to arthritis-wrists, fingers, and sometimes ankles, knees;
  6. Often affects multiple joints at the same time (polyarthritis);
  7. Arthritis usually becomes a complication of diseases caused by bacterial and viral infections.

Other symptoms of arthritis depend on its type, and there are many of them. Many types of arthritis are serious diseases that affect other body systems in addition to joints.

Diagnosis

For doctors, the difference between arthritis and arthritis is clinically obvious. Usually, in order to diagnose arthritis and determine its stage, it is enough to divide the X-ray of the problem joint into two projections. The picture will show the size of the joint space, whether there is bone growth-osteophytes, and the degree of bone deformation.

How to distinguish arthritis from arthritis< The diagnosis of arthritis requires more research, because successful treatment must determine the type of pathology-whether there is a systemic disease, whether the inflammation is caused by infection or worsening arthritis.

In order to establish an accurate diagnosis, modern diagnostic methods such as ultrasound, CT, MRI, arthroscopy and arthrocentesis can be used to study synovial fluid. The blood test for rheumatism is very important for the diagnosis of arthritis.

Similarities and differences of treatment

Arthritis and arthritis treatment methods have many differences, not similarities. In fact, the only way to combine them is to use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain and inflammation. Depending on the diagnosis and the patient's condition, these drugs can be administered orally or locally in the form of injections including the joint cavity.

In cases where NSAID treatment is ineffective, the use of hormonal drugs-corticosteroids has strong side effects, so it should only be used in extreme cases.

Arthritis and other treatments for arthritis are different. Considering the nature of the disease, each type of arthritis has its own treatment plan. In each type of treatment, in addition to NSAIDs, antibiotics, hormones, immunobiological drugs, and many other specific drugs, including physical therapy drugs, can also be used.

The main goal of arthritis treatment is to reduce inflammation, treat accompanying diseases and ensure a longer period of remission. If the joint is severely damaged, surgery is required.

In the treatment of arthritis, the main task is to slow down the pathological process of articular cartilage destruction as much as possible. To this end, active use of cartilage protective agents-drugs that promote the regeneration of articular cartilage and vitamins and minerals. In the remission phase, the patient will be shown physical therapy procedures and physical therapy exercises.

Prevent the development of arthritis and arthritis

Preventive measures are very important:

  • Normalization of weights;
  • Proper nutrition;
  • Quit bad habits;
  • Refuse to overload diseased joints;
  • Viable physical exercise.

When a severe arthritis stage is reached due to inactive joints, and vice versa-unnatural movement, limb function may be lost. In this case, surgery to replace the damaged joint with an endoprosthesis will help the patient recover a full life.

Unfortunately, there is no therapeutic agent that can restore joints damaged by arthritis and arthritis. Only by prolonging this pathological process as quickly as possible, and after joint failure can resort to surgery. Therefore, it is important not to delay treatment, and to pay attention to the first signs of these diseases.

As you can see, the difference between arthritis and arthritis determines their treatment differences. The focus of arthritis therapy is to eliminate the inflammatory process and treat accompanying diseases. In the treatment of arthritis, we must first relieve pain and take measures to prevent further joint destruction.

In this case, it is obvious how it is related to the warming of the joints in these diseases. Heating the problem area helps to activate blood circulation in nearby tissues.

In the case of degenerative dystrophy of cartilage tissue, blood flow can improve the oxygen and nutrient supply to the joints and accelerate metabolism. This helps to improve the regeneration of joint tissue. This means that for arthritis, warming the joints is beneficial.

Heating pads and heating dressings for arthritis have completely different effects. In the area of ​​the inflammatory process, the temperature has risen. Warming up will only aggravate the inflammatory process and promote the spread of infection outside the joints. Therefore, for arthritis, it is strictly prohibited to use heating pads, compresses and baths to heat diseased joints.

Conclusion

Many people want to know what is more severe arthritis or arthritis. This question seems strange, because it is impossible to choose a milder disease for yourself. Both diseases are related to severe pain and restricted movement. Arthritis and many types of arthritis are crippling.

However, if only joints are affected by arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, not only joints suffer, but actually all systems of the body-cardiovascular, nerve, respiratory system, kidney, skin, hematopoietic and visual organs are affected.

For any of these diseases, it is important to identify them at an early stage and start treatment as early as possible to slow the progression of these pathologies, and they do not cause too much damage to the joints.